Weekly Daf #29

Library Library Kaddish

The Weekly Daf by Rav Mendel Weinbach

Bava Metzia 65-71 - Issue #29
18 - 24 Elul 5754 / 25 - 31 August 1994

This publication is also available in the following formats: [Text] [Word] [PDF] Explanation of these symbols

When a Discount Counts

Case 1
Case 2
The Cases: A landlord says to a tenant about to rent his house for a year: "If you pay me in advance I will charge you ten sela for the entire year. But if you pay me at the end of each month I will charge you a sela for each month."

A seller says to the buyer of his field: "If you pay me now I will charge you a thousand zuz. But if you want me to wait until you sell your crops and raise the cash I will charge you 1200 zuz for the field."

The Ruling: In the first case this is a legitimate arrangement but in the second case such an arrangement is forbidden because it is a form of usury.
The Reason: Rent is not due until the end of each month and the real price is 12 sela for the year. The landlord is therefore only offering a discount on the rent if paid in advance and there is no usury. The buyer of a field, however, is obligated to pay immediately so that any extra amount he pays for the privilege of holding on to this money is considered usury.

Bava Metzia 65a

A Different Kind of Credit Rating

"When you shall lend money to My people, the poor man who is with you"

is the Torah's way of establishing an order of priority as to whom you should offer an interest-free loan from limited funds.

  • A fellow Jew comes before another even if the latter is paying interest.
    • A poor man takes precedence over a prosperous one.
      • A needy relative comes before a needy neighbor, and
        • A needy townsman comes before a needy man from another community.

(The same set of priorities also applies to charity - Shulchan Aruch Yoreh Deah 251:3.)

Bava Metzia 47b

General Editor: Rabbi Moshe Newman
Production Design: Lev Seltzer
HTML Design: Eli Ballon

© 1994 Ohr Somayach International - All rights reserved. This publication may be distributed to another person intact without prior permission. We also encourage you to include this material in other publications, such as synagogue newsletters. However, we ask that you contact us beforehand for permission, and then send us a sample issue.
This publication is available via E-Mail
Ohr Somayach Institutions is an international network of Yeshivot and outreach centers, with branches in North America, Europe, South Africa and South America. The Central Campus in Jerusalem provides a full range of educational services for over 685 full-time students.

The Jewish Learning Exchange (JLE) of Ohr Somayach offers summer and winter programs in Israel that attract hundreds of university students from around the world for 3 to 8 weeks of study and touring.

Ohr Somayach's Web site is hosted by TeamGenesis

Copyright © 1994 Ohr Somayach International. Send us feedback.
Dedication opportunities are available for Weekly Daf. Please contact us for details.
Ohr Somayach International is a 501c3 not-for-profit corporation (letter on file) and your donation is tax deductable.