Weekly Daf #24

Library Library Kaddish

The Weekly Daf by Rav Mendel Weinbach

Bava Metzia 30-36 - Issue #24
13 - 19 Av 5754 / 21 - 27 July 1994

This publication is also available in the following formats: [Text] [Word] [PDF] Explanation of these symbols

Teacher Or Supporter - Who Comes First?

If you come across objects lost by

  • your father and
  • your Torah teacher

and are able to only return one of them to its owner...

...your teacher must be given precedence.

Your father brought you into this world but the man who teaches you Torah wisdom brings you to the World to Come.

Bava Metzia 33a

This is true only when the teacher receives no compensation. But if he is not prepared to teach for free and the father provides the salary then the father's lost object takes precedence. In similar fashion, if a benefactor or group of benefactors provide the salary which motivates the rabbi to teach, then the benefactor's object takes precedence to that of the teacher.

Sefer Chassidim Par. 585, cited by Sifsei Cohen (66) on Shulchan Aruch Yoreh Deah 242:34

Poverty Is A Poor Excuse

Your own lost object takes precedence over all others...

...even that of your father or your teacher.

The Torah source for this is the passage (Devarim 15:4) "But there shall be no poor among you" which indicates that a person should avoid poverty. Nevertheless, warned Rabbi Yehuda in the name of the Sage Rav, one who strictly adheres to this selfish avoidance of poverty will eventually suffer poverty.

Although you are not obligated to give others precedence over yourself you should go beyond the letter of the law except in a case of substantial loss. Otherwise, consistent selfishness will detach you from charity and kindness and bring upon you the punishment of poverty.

Bava Metzia 33a

General Editor: Rabbi Moshe Newman
Production Design: Lev Seltzer
HTML Design: Eli Ballon

© 1994 Ohr Somayach International - All rights reserved. This publication may be distributed to another person intact without prior permission. We also encourage you to include this material in other publications, such as synagogue newsletters. However, we ask that you contact us beforehand for permission, and then send us a sample issue.
This publication is available via E-Mail
Ohr Somayach Institutions is an international network of Yeshivot and outreach centers, with branches in North America, Europe, South Africa and South America. The Central Campus in Jerusalem provides a full range of educational services for over 685 full-time students.

The Jewish Learning Exchange (JLE) of Ohr Somayach offers summer and winter programs in Israel that attract hundreds of university students from around the world for 3 to 8 weeks of study and touring.

Ohr Somayach's Web site is hosted by TeamGenesis

Copyright © 1994 Ohr Somayach International. Send us feedback.
Dedication opportunities are available for Weekly Daf. Please contact us for details.
Ohr Somayach International is a 501c3 not-for-profit corporation (letter on file) and your donation is tax deductable.