The Laws of the Four Species
(Lulav and Esrog)
(Sefardim may add more)
|Minimum size||3 tefachim
40 cm (spine)
|If unavailable||24.5 cm
|32.7 cm (spine)
|Characteristics||Elongated, smooth-edged leaves||Leaves cover branch. 3 leaves sprout from same place on branch.||Long double leaves, covering spine, extending beyond spine||Elongated shape, skin not smooth, indented stem|
|Color||Green leaves, reddish stalk. O.K. if still green||Green leaves, green stalk||Green or greenish yellow||Yellow or light green|
|General disqualifications||Stolen. Borrowed (on first day).
Prohibited - e.g., from temple of idol worship.
|Same as previous column.||Same as previous column. Some lenient in times of great need.||Same as previous column. Dried out.|
|Specific disqualifications||Top cut off.
Majority of leaves missing.
Dried out. Leaves round, "serated" edges, stalk never red - indicate wrong species.
|Top cut off (if nothing else available, O.K.).
Leaves don't grow in groups of 3 (if nothing else available, O.K.).
Dried out leaves.
|Split top leaf.
Leaves spread out, hardened or hanging down.
Dried out leaves or spine.
Top cut off.
Curving to the side.
Top of spine, bent down.
|Missing substance. Holes - where some of the peel is missing.
"Pitom" missing (except where it grew without).
Dark spots on upper sloping part of etrog.
Dry spots on upper slope.