For the week ending 21 May 2011 / 16 Iyyar 5771

Menachot 72 - 78

by Rabbi Mendel Weinbach zt'l
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  • When the preparation of the Omer conflicts with Shabbat
  • When kohanim are entitled to eat the remains of a mincha after kemitzah
  • Trading of mincha portions between kohanim
  • The sacrifices and mincha offerings of a non-Jew
  • The mincha sin offering of a kohen
  • Which meal offerings are completely burned on the altar
  • How the oil is added to the flour in a mincha
  • Which mincha requires folding and crumbling
  • The processing of mincha dough and the number of loaves
  • The amount of flour in each type of communal mincha
  • The loaves of the Korban Todah

Inside the Wall

  • Menachot 78b

The loaves of bread and matzah that accompany the Korban Todah become sanctified with the slaughtering of the sacrifice, states the mishna, only if they are inside the wall at that time and not outside it.

Rabbi Yochana explains that outside the wall means outside the wall of Beit Pagi, which is the furthermost point of Yerushalayim.

Beit Pagi is mentioned elsewhere as the extremity of Yerushalayim. In Mesechta Pesachim (91a) there is a discussion as to whether the Korban Pesach can be slaughtered if its only owner and potential consumer is in prison but has been promised a release for the holiday. Rabbi Yochanan rules that only if he has been imprisoned by Jews can we rely on the fulfillment of their promise, and the sacrifice can be slaughtered on his behalf. This is not so if he has been imprisoned by non-Jews, because we cannot rely on their promise. A qualification is presented by Rabbi Chisda who states that if the prison is inside the wall of Beit Pagi, the prisoner is considered to be in Yerushalayim, where the meat of a Korban Pesach must be consumed, and the meat of his sacrifice can be brought to him in prison. Since this possibility exists, we can indeed slaughter the Korban Pesach on his behalf.

What the Sages Say

"Come and see how beloved is a mitzvah performed in its time. The burning of sacrificial parts on the altar could be done at night and yet those of the sacrifices offered on Shabbat were burned during the day."

  • Rabbi Shimon - Menachot 72a

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