For the week ending 7 October 2017 / 17 Tishri 5778

Total Mitzvah

by Rabbi Nota Schiller
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It is said in the name of the Vilna Gaon that there are only two opportunities among all the 613 mitzvot to physically "enter the mitzvah." One is the opportunity to live in Eretz Yisrael, and the other to be in the succah you have constructed for the Festival of Succot. When you cross the border into the Land of Israel, or walk into the succah, you have "entered" the mitzvah. What is the connection between the succah and the Land of Israel?

Judaism is unique to the world in that Jewish national and religious destinies are identical. The concept of a successful Jewish nation in the Land of Israel is fundamental to our religious destiny. Other nations have holy places and live elsewhere, but for us, our Land is our home, our holy soil and the necessary setting for the ideal fulfillment of mitzvot. Accordingly, the Torah includes both civil and religious law, instructing us in our everyday behavior and our acts of worship, both of which are equally holy. The way we live in the Land is part of our service to G-d. Thus we see in the Book of Joshua that the first decisions Joshua made when the Jewish nation entered the Land of Israel were for urban planning, as important to their spiritual lives as the transportation of the Holy Ark. Living in Israel gives the Jewish People the opportunity to sanctify every little act that they do. Merely going to the corner store to buy a carton of milk is part of the fulfillment of the Jewish destiny when it is done in the Land of Israel. Similarly, during the festival of Succot a Jew has a chance to make every little act he does a holy act by being in the succah. Eating a celebratory meal or even sleeping in the succah is a mitzvah, a symbol of the total fulfillment of G-d's plan for the Jewish People.

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