Weekly Daf #75
Sanhedrin 93-99 - Issue #75
14 - 20 Tamuz 5755 / 12 - 18 July 1995
This publication is also available in the following formats: Explanation of these symbols
Anatomy of a Miracle
Jerusalem was under heavy siege. Sancheriv and his mighty Assyrian army commanded by 185,000 officers stood outside its walls, poised for an invasion.
Ten years earlier this world conqueror had forced ten tribes of Israel into exile and he was determined to now crush this last shred of Jewish resistance offered by King Chizkiyahu.
During the night before the scheduled morning of attack a heavenly angel struck the Assyrian camp, slaying every one of its 185,000 officers and compelling Sancheriv to withdraw to his homeland.
How did Chizkiyahu and his people merit this miracle?
The oil of Chizkiyahu, say our Sages, subdued the yoke of Sancheriv.
The oil which burned in the synagogues and yeshivos for Jews to study Torah even at night.
How did Chizkiyahu motivate his people to such dedication to Torah study?
He placed a sword at the entrance to each Beis Midrash and proclaimed: "Whoever fails to study Torah will be skewered with this sword!"
Torah study was thus so popularized that when a search was made from the northernmost part of Israel to the southern-most not one man ignorant of Torah could be found, and when a search was made from the easternmost point to the westernmost one not one little boy or girl could be found who was not well versed in the laws of impurity and purity.
Secret of the Baal Tshuva
"Where the baal tshuva stands," said Rabbi Avohu, "not even the most righteous can stand."
(For the power of the returning Jew is so great that no-one is worthy of standing near him - Rashi.)
In his Michtav M'Eliyahu, the great Mussar master Rabbi Eliyahu Eliezer Dessler zatzal offers the following explanation for the apparent paradox of one who returns occupying a greater place of honor than one who was righteous all his life.
All of creation has the mission of expressing the glory of the Creator. There are two ways in which men achieve this objective. The righteous do so with each of their heroic acts of fulfilling the will of the Creator. The sinner who returns to Hashem reveals another dimension of His glory - the heavenly assistance extended to him to transform his first tiny step towards Hashem into a giant leap heavenward.
The magnificent expression of heavenly mercy in the baal tshuva's "shortcut" to higher spiritual levels cannot be generated by the righteous one who carries himself upwards on his own steam. In this sense the baal tshuva has a place all his own to which tzadikim have no access.
General Editor: Rabbi Moshe Newman
Production Design: Lev Seltzer
HTML Design: Eli Ballon, Michael Treblow
© 1995 Ohr Somayach International - All rights reserved. This publication may be distributed to another person intact without prior permission. We also encourage you to include this material in other publications, such as synagogue newsletters. However, we ask that you contact us beforehand for permission, and then send us a sample issue.
This publication is available via E-Mail
Ohr Somayach Institutions is an international network of Yeshivot and outreach centers, with branches in North America, Europe, South Africa and South America. The Central Campus in Jerusalem provides a full range of educational services for over 685 full-time students.
The Jewish Learning Exchange (JLE) of Ohr Somayach offers summer and winter programs in Israel that attract hundreds of university students from around the world for 3 to 8 weeks of study and touring.
Ohr Somayach's Web site is hosted by TeamGenesis
Copyright © 1995 Ohr Somayach International. Send us feedback.
Dedication opportunities are available for Weekly Daf. Please contact us for details.