Tsefat The Abuhav Synagogue
The Abuhav Synagogue in the Old City of Tsefat has a fascinating background.
Rabbi Yitzchak Abuhav, author of the classic Menorat Hama’or who lived in Spain during the 14th century, was the owner of a Sefer Torah which tradition says was brought with the victims of the Spanish expulsion and ended up in Tsefat. There it was housed in a synagogue that was given the name Abuhav.
In the earthquake of 1759, which destroyed all the buildings in Tsefat, the only survivor was the wall of the Abuhav Synagogue — which contained the Holy Ark and the Abuhav Sefer Torah in perfect condition.