Parsha Q&A - Parshat Mishpatim
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- In what context is a mezuza mentioned in this week's Parsha?
- What special mitzvah does the Torah give to the master of a Hebrew maidservant?
- What is the penalty for wounding one's father or mother?
- "A" intentionally hits "B." As a result, B is close to death. Besides any monetary payments, what happens to A?
- What is the penalty for someone who tries to murder a particular person, but accidentally kills another person instead? Give two opinions.
- A slave goes free if his master knocks out one of the slave's teeth. What teeth do not qualify for this rule and why?
- An ox gores another ox. What is the maximum the owner of the damaging ox must pay, provided his animal had gored no more than twice previously?
- From where in this week's Parsha can the importance of work be demonstrated?
- What is meant by the words "If the sun shone on him"?
- A person is given an object for safe-keeping. Later, he swears it was stolen. Witnesses come and say that in fact he is the one who stole it. How much must he pay?
- A person borrows his employee's car. The car is struck by lightning. How much must he pay?
- Why is lending money at interest called "biting"?
- Non-kosher meat, "treifa," is preferentially fed to dogs. Why?
- Which verse forbids listening to slander?
- What constitutes a majority-ruling in a capital case?
- How is Shavuot referred to in this week's Parsha?
- How many prohibitions are transgressed when cooking meat and milk together?
- What was written in the Sefer Habrit which Moshe wrote prior to the giving of the Torah?
- What was the livnat hasapir a reminder of?
- Who was Efrat? Who was her husband? Who was her son?
All references are to the verses and Rashi's commentary, unless otherwise stated
21:6 - If a Hebrew slave desires to remain enslaved his owner brings him "to the door post mezuza" to pierce his ear.
21:8,9 - To marry her.
21:15 - Death by strangulation.
21:19 - He is put in jail until "B" recovers or dies.
21:26 - Baby teeth, which grow back.
21:35 - The full value of his own animal.
21:37 - From the "five-times" penalty for stealing an ox and slaughtering it. This fine is seen as punishment for preventing the owner from plowing with his ox.
22:2 - If it's as clear as the sun that the thief has no intent to kill.
22:8 - Double value of the object.
22:14 - Nothing.
22:24 - Interest is like a snake bite. Just as the poison is not noticed at first but soon overwhelms the person, so too interest is barely noticeable until it accumulates to an overwhelming sum.
22:30 - As "reward" for their silence during the plague of the first born.
23:1 - Targum Onkelos translates "Don't bear a false report" as "Don't receive a false report."
23:2 - A simple majority is needed for an acquittal. A majority of two is needed for a ruling of guilty.
23:16 - Chag Hakatzir -- Festival of Reaping.
23:19 - One.
24:4,7 - The Torah, starting from Bereishet until the giving of the Torah, and the mitzvot given at Mara.
24:10 - That the Jews in Egypt were forced to toil by making bricks.
24:14 - Miriam, wife of Calev, mother of Chur.
Written and Compiled by Rabbi Eliyahu Kane & Rabbi Reuven Subar
General Editor: Rabbi Moshe Newman
Production Design: Michael Treblow
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