Ask the Rabbi #90
6 January 1996; Issue #90
I will be moving into a home that is presently occupied by Jewish people. I know that one can not take the mezuzot down if you know that the new occupants are Jewish. The wife called me to ask me to bring 9 mezuzot to replace the 9 she is taking with her. Since she has expensive mezuzot ($60 each) she figures I'd rather replace them than pay for them. She is correct, especially since I already own a few.
My question is this:
There will be a few weeks between the time they leave and I move in when the painters will be painting. I would prefer not putting up my mezuzot until after they have painted and I can buy nice mezuza covers. The wife prefers that my mezuzot be up when she takes hers down. Do I have time or must I do as she says? Can the mezuzot be wrapped in plastic and put up with tape rather than with a proper cover and nails until I move in? And what if I said I couldn't pay for her mezuzot, can she still take them?
Yes, you have time: Before you move in you have no obligation at all to put up mezuzot, and you don't need to comply with the request of the current occupants.
But you are a nice person and you want something tactful to tell them. If you simply 'show them the door' they may 'go through the roof,' and your relationship will surely be 'out the window.' So I suggest you tell them the following:
Generally, when moving out of a house it's forbidden to remove the mezuzot if a Jewish person will be moving in. This is based on an incident in the Talmud where a person moved out, took his mezuzot, and as a result, ended up burying his wife and two sons.
But the Poskim qualify this rule: One may take down the mezuzot if he needs them and the new tenant is not going to pay for them.
That's the case here: They need the mezuzot and you don't want to pay for them. Therefore, the present occupants need not worry about removing them.
Furthermore, you said the house is going to be painted. Before painting, it's recommended that the mezuzot be removed so they don't get damaged. Once the current occupants remove the mezuzot for a permitted reason --i.e., painting -- the unoccupied home may remain 'mezuza-less' until you move in.
If for some reason you decide to put up the mezuzot before you move in, don't say the blessing since the mitzvah doesn't apply yet. Later, when you move in, remove the mezuza, say the blessing, and put it back up. Tape or glue may be used to affix the mezuzot.
People experiencing difficulties often check that their mezuzot are Kosher and properly affixed on all their doorposts. I remember when my neighbor Harry (the Heretic) noticed that his kids were all becoming very religious - he didn't know what to do. A local rabbi heard of the problem and suggested "Check your mezuzot. Maybe they're Kosher!"
- Tractate Bava Metzia 102a
- Shulchan Aruch, Yoreh De'ah 291:2
- Yesodei Yeshurun, Ma'arechet Beit Haknesset 2, citing the Atzei Zayit
Question? Which Tractate of the Talmud fits the following description: The Aramaic translation of the name of this Tractate is the name of a different Tractate?
Answer! Tractate Kelayim - which teaches forbidden mixtures of plants. The verse says: "Don't plant kelayim in your field..." (Leviticus 19:19). Targum Onkelos translates the word 'kelayim' into Aramaic as 'eruvin' (mixtures). Eruvin is the name of a different Tractate that teaches the laws of carrying items on Shabbat from one halachic domain to another. An Eruv 'mixes' two domains into one, thereby permitting 'carrying' inside the Eruv.
(first sent in by Mordechai Perlman)
- Written by Rabbi Moshe Lazerus, Rabbi Benzion Bamberger, Rabbi Reuven Subar,
Rabbi Avrohom Lefkowitz and other Rabbis at Ohr Somayach Institutions / Tanenbaum College, Jerusalem, Israel.
- General Editor: Rabbi Moshe Newman
- Production Design: Lev Seltzer
- HTMIL Design: Michael Treblow
© 1995 Ohr Somayach International - All rights reserved. This publication may be distributed to another person intact without prior permission. We also encourage you to include this material in other publications, such as synagogue newsletters. However, we ask that you contact us beforehand for permission, and then send us a sample issue.
This publication is available via E-Mail
Ohr Somayach Institutions is an international network of Yeshivot and outreach centers, with branches in North America, Europe, South Africa and South America. The Central Campus in Jerusalem provides a full range of educational services for over 685 full-time students. The Jewish Learning Exchange (JLE) of Ohr Somayach offers summer and winter programs in Israel that attract hundreds of university students from around the world for 3 to 8 weeks of study and touring.
Copyright © 1995 Ohr Somayach International. Send us Feedback.
Dedication opportunities are available for Ask The Rabbi. Please contact us for details.